National Capital Territory of Delhi has 11 Districts – North, North- East, North-West, West, South, South- West, South-East, New- Delhi, Central, Shahdara and East.
South Delhi district is one of the 11 Districts of NCT of Delhi. Delhi was divided into 11 districts in September 2012, prior to that Delhi had 9 districts which came into existence from January 1997. Prior to that, there used to be only one district for whole of Delhi with district head quarter at Tis-Hazari. South District, having its District Head Quarter at M.B. Road, Saket, has great historical, social, economical & cultural importance. It is surrounded by the Haryana state. On its southern side lie the Gurgaon & Faridabad districts of Haryana. South district on its eastern side is flanked by South East District of Delhi while on northern & western side lies New Delhi & South West districts respectively.
The South District has 3 Sub-divisions- Saket, Hauz Khas and Mehrauli.South District is predominantly urban but also has a sizeable rural area. There are 42 villages ( 13 in Saket, 18 in Hauz Khas and 11 in Mehrauli Sub-division) in the District with all characteristics of rural India.
South District of Delhi spread over 247 Sq. Km & covering 16.65% of the total area of NCT of Delhi
- Male – 1467428
- Female – 1264501
- Urban – 2719736
- Rural – 12193
- Total – 2731929
- Male – 92.20 %
- Female – 80.99 %
- Male – 1000
- Female – 862
The general topography of the district is plain. However, some part of the District represents the ridge characteristics of the old Aravalli hills. Large part of vacant Gaon sabha land of District South has been declared as Southern ridge area to be developed as reserve forest which will slowly become one of the crucial factors influencing the local environment and improving quality of life all over NCR.
Historically, South Delhi was seat of Power from the very beginning as evident by the Tughlaqabad Fort made by the Tuglaks, till the time old fort was constructed by Mughals. The world famous Qutub Minar and the Iron Pillar are in this District. Places of religious importance are Dadabadi Jain temple, Chattarpur Temple etc.
An annual Cultural Social event “Phool Walon Ki Sair” is organized in the month of October in Mehrauli which is of great significance as it’s a symbol of communal harmony. Apart from the colleges of Delhi University, South Delhi also is the Head Quarter of Indira Gandhi Open University, and Indian Institiute of Technology, Delhi.